Google+ SAP Business Content Roles and Authorizations - SAP ABAP

SAP Business Content Roles and Authorizations

Your company wants to use objects from the  Business Content.Familiarize yourself with the components and functions in the Business Content. You have to check the available roles for sales for
their usability in you company; for this, you also need knowledge of the BW authorization concept. Select and activate suitable roles. You require information about the transport system in BW.

Under the generic term "Business Content", SAP delivers preconfigured objects for BW. Using Business Content objects, you can implement BW more quickly, since solutions are delivered that are ready for use straightaway for many business problems that you want to process with BW. 

The Business Content contains:
  1. R/3 extractor programs
  2. DataSources
  3. InfoObjects
  4. InfoSources
  5. InfoCubes
  6. Queries
  7. Roles
  8. workbooks
The Business Content is continually being further developed; numerous specialists for the different industries and components are participating in this development. The employees in your company have different requirements when it comes to type and scope of information.

Using information resources optimally is always of high concern within a company. If individual employees can get the right information at the right time, they can then use it take the appropriate action. With growing competitive pressure, a company's ability to react quickly is essential. In the face of this, companies often attempt to have as many information sources as possible. However, this can lead to an unwelcome flood of information. Inconsistent or complex sources of information make you lose time when searching for data, therefore making it more difficult for you to react quickly.

Different Types of Data Warehouse User

The information that is already entered has to be adapted to the user's requirements. The majority of users prefer to work with predefined reports that are easy to access. These users need to be able to call up key figure values simply and easily. However, some users require extensive evaluation options. For example, they may want to navigate between certain sections of a report. As well as needing complete access to predefined queries and data collections, only a few users need to be able to create new queries and data sets in order to solve specific problems.



Business Content contains numerous objects that simplify the implementation of BW and accelerate the construction of an effective reporting system. These objects are grouped together to enable you to use them effectively: For all areas of your company and for many industry sectors, there are roles that provide users with the relevant reports and applications that they need to perform their tasks. In the future, cross-component applications called Analytical Applications will be available to provide direct access to all the information related to a process. They allow you not only to analyze these process, but also trigger actions and reactions in the systems that deliver data. Areas particularly suitable for the implementation of Analytical Applications are, for example, Supply Chain Management (for example, supplier and catalog analysis, manufacturing analysis), Customer Relationship Management (for example, e-business analysis, market exploration) or analyses within the company, such as performance analysis, payment analysis, or human capital analysis.

Industry-specific key figures and roles are also parts of Business Content. Examples of industry-specific roles:

  1. Retail - Category Manager
  2. Consumer Products - Key Account Manager
  3. Pharma - Business Unit Manager
  4. Banking - Account Manager
  5. Media - Editor.
  6. Automotive - Plant Manager
  7. Oil & Gas - Exchange Manager

By linking key figures with other objects from the Business Content, you create the prerequisites for continually improving the efficiency of your company. The periodic generation of key figures (KPIs) gives you a clear picture of the results of the decisions made within your company. External providers, such as Dun & Bradstreet or A.C. Nielsen, deliver data to you from other companies in your industry that you can compare with the data from your company.

The Metadata Repository offers the user the option of an overview of the entire Business Content delivered by SAP, or of seeing which Content objects are activated in the system. Navigate in the Metadata Repository using the hyperlinks. You can access the Metadata Repository in the Administrator Workbench, over an Internet server, or over local HTML pages. You can call up HTML pages from the Metadata Repository.

The activation procedure for the Business Content allows you to select the required objects using drag and drop - the components belonging to the objects are then activated automatically. After you activate the components and load the data, you can use the entire scenario straight away.

Advantages

Immediate access to interpreted information Reports, data models, extractors, transformations Consistency between business and administration processes For employees on all levels and in all functions 

Simple enhancement possible
Checked and comparable information
Comprehensive selection of standard key figures
Best practice model out of more than 2200 installation

Business Content - Installation

With the setting 'Install Business Content' in the Administrator Workbench, you can copy the delivered Business Content and activate it. When you do this, the system automatically takes into  account all the extra objects required as well as the activation sequence. In the menu 'Grouping', select the other Business Content objects you want to be included. Groupings bring together all the objects of one area. 'required objects only': Only those objects are taken into account that are essential for activating the selected objects (minimum selection).

'data flow before': All those objects are collected that provide data on one object.
'data flow after': All those objects are collected that get data from one object.
'data flow before and after': All those objects are collected that deliver data as well as pass it on.
'Security for system copy': With this setting you can collect only some of the objects for a transport request. You can incorporate this request again after a system copy.



To be able to start activating objects from Business Content, call the Administrator Workbench and choose "Business Content". There are various ways of installing Business Content. You can select individual objects such as InfoCubes, InfoObjects or InfoSources and activate these with the objects assigned to them. If you use the SAP role concept, you can transfer roles from Content. When you transfer a role, all the necessary BW objects are activated.




When you select the role, all of the objects that belong to this role are displayed in the "Collected Objects" column. If you want to activate only those objects that are necessary for you to use the role, from the "Grouping" menu choose the option "Only necessary objects" (see above). If there are objects belonging to the role that you have not yet copied, you have to copy these - in the box for the column "Copy" you see a flag. You can leave objects for the roles that you have already copied in the existing version, or you can re-copy them. If it is possible to merge the Content version and the active version, this is indicated in the column 'Merge (X) or copy'. In the menu 'Install Business Content', you can simulate the transfer, start it directly or in the background.

Since it can take a long time to transfer a large number of objects, especially when you are changing objects that are already active, a background job is recommended. Once this is complete, you can view the log by choosing Log. The collected objects and their links can be displayed and exported as a list, tree or network (in HTML) with the use of the pushbuttons in the window.

To use the transport connection in BW, you have to complete the following requirements: Create a transportable development class in the ABAP Development Workbench (transaction code SE80) (1). Assign this development class to a transport request - when you create the development class, you automatically get a dialog box to this effect (2). At this point, you can create a new transport request or assign one that is already available. Open the Administrator Workbench and call up the transport request, using the relevant button (3). Choose the objects that you want to transport, from the central window, and drag them with drag and drop to the right-hand window ("Collected Objects"). All new objects have the local development class $TMP by default; before the first transport, assign a transportable development class (4). From this point, the objects are automatically recorded, this means that when changes are made later, only the modified objects in the development class are transported. Release the individual transport tasks, before you release the transport request. Then release the transport request that is assigned to the development class for transport (5). You do this in the Change and Transport Organizer (CTO), which you call up using the appropriate button.

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