Google+ SAP Report Painter Basics - SAP ABAP

SAP Report Painter Basics

Quick Viewer and SAP Query are menu-driven tools that help the user to compile lists. SAP Query comprises an extensive suite of functions for defining reports and compiling various types of report, such as straightforward lists, statistics, and ranked lists. The user can choose the data for the list from any R/3 table. With the Report Painter, users can report on data from a wide variety of applications.The form layout tools enables the user to see the report in the form in which it will appear when the data is output. The Report Writer uses sets exclusively to map the row and column structures, thereby supporting more complex reports.

The drilldown reporting facility provided by SAP is an online information system featuring userfriendly functions that help you navigate through your data. It can also be used to evaluate your data on the basis of all the features contained in the data description. With this interactive drilldown reporting facility, you can use any key figures to describe your report.

The data can be analyzed in the Logistics Information System using both standrd and flexible analyses. Standard analyses are based on statistics files, or information structures, in the LIS to which important key figures are updated directly from the relevant application. Flexible analyses can be used to evaluate SAP data structures and form the basis for ad-hoc analyses.



The Report Painter performs a similar function to the Report Writer but is much easier to use. To create reports with the Report Painter, you do not need to be familiar with the set concept of the Report Writer. The Report Painter is based on the WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) principle. The Report Painter uses a graphical report structure that forms the basis of your report definition and displays the rows and columns of the report as they will appear when the report is compiled.The Report Painter represents the interface between the user and Report Writer. Reports created in the Painter are converted and executed by the system in the Report Writer.

Each Report Writer report is based on a reporting table. With Overhead Cost Controlling reports, this is the table CCSS. The logical reporting table can include one or more physical database tables.The reporting table contains all of the fields that can be used to compile a report. Characteristics are non-numeric fields. Examples of characteristics include "accounts", "cost centers", and "business areas". Basic key figures are numeric value fields, such as "local currency", "total cost", and "activity quantity".

A key figure comprises a basic key figure and one or more characteristics. You can use key figures to define standard columns, which you can then re-use in your reports. Examples of key figures include "actual costs in the current fiscal year" and "planned costs in the closed fiscal year".A library is a collection of characteristics, basic key figures, and key figures that were selected from the entries in a Report Writer table. SAP ships a wide variety of standard libraries. You can also create your own libraries to satisfy your reporting requirements.

Every new report must be created for a library. Before a report can be run, it must be included in a report group. A report group can contain one or more reports. When a report group is generated, executable ABAP programs are created to select and format the data. 



Library

Every report is assigned to a library. A library is a collection of characteristics, basic key figures, and key figures that were selected from the entries in a Report Writer table.A characteristic is a non-numeric field. Examples of characteristics include "accounts", "cost centers", and "business areas".

A basic key figure is a numeric value field. Examples of key figures include "local currency", "total cost", and "activity quantity".A key figure comprises a basic key figure and one or more characteristics. You can use key figures to define standard columns, which you can then re-use in your reports. Examples of key figures include "actual costs in the current fiscal year" and "planned costs in the closed fiscal year".



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