A Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI) is a precisely defined interface providing access to processes and data in business application systems such as R/3.

BAPIs of SAP Business Object Types

BAPIs are defined as API methods of SAP business object types. These business object types and their BAPIs are described and stored in the Business Object Repository (BOR). A BAPI is implemented as a function module, that is stored and described in the Function Builder.

BAPIs of SAP Interface Types

As of Release 4.5A BAPIs can also describe interfaces, implemented outside the R/3 System that can be called in external systems by R/3 Systems. These BAPIs are known as BAPIs used for outbound processing. The target system is determined for the BAPI call in the distribution model of Application Link Enabling (ALE).

BAPIs used for outbound processing are defined in the Business Object Repository (BOR) as API methods of SAP Interface Types. Functions implemented outside the R/3 System can be standardized and made available as BAPIs. For further information see BAPIs Used For Outbound Processing.


BAPIs can be called within the R/3 System from external application systems and other programs. BAPIs are the communication standard for business applications. BAPI interface technology forms the basis for the following developments:

  1. New R/3 components, for example, Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO) and Business Information Warehouse (BW).
  2. Non-SAP software
  3. Legacy systems
  4. Isolating components within the R/3 System in the context of Business Framework
  5. Distributed R/3 scenarios with asynchronous connections using Application Link Enabling (ALE)
  6. Connecting R/3 Systems to the Internet using Internet Application Components (IACs)
  7. PC programs as front-end to the R/3 System, for example, Visual Basic (Microsoft) or Visual Age for Java (IBM).
  8. Workflow applications that extend beyond system boundaries
  9.  Customers' and partners' own developments

BAPIs - Interfaces to the R/3 System

The Business Object Repository (BOR) is the object-oriented repository in the R/3 System. It contains the SAP business object types and SAP interface types as well as their components, such as methods, attributes and events.

BAPIs are defined as methods of SAP business object types (or SAP interface types) in the BOR. Thus defined, the BAPIs become standard with full stability guarantees as regards their content and interface.For general information on creating business objects see the documentation on SAP Business Workflow.


The BOR has the following functions for SAP business object types and their BAPIs:

  1. • Provides an object-oriented view of R/3 System data and processes.
  2. R/3 application functions are accessed using methods (BAPIs) of SAP Business Objects. Implementation information is encapsulated; only the interface functionality of the method is visible to the user.
  3. • Arranges the various interfaces in accordance with the component hierarchy, enabling functions to be searched and retrieved quickly and simply.
  4. This finds the functionality searched for quickly and simply.
  5. • Manages BAPIs in release updates.

BAPI interface enhancements made by adding parameters are recorded in the BOR. Previous interface versions can thus be reconstructed at any time. When a BAPI is created the release version of the new BAPI is recorded in the BOR. The same applies when any interface parameter is created.The version control of the function module that a BAPI is based on is managed in the Function Builder.

Ensures interface stability.:Any interface changes that are carried out in the BOR, are automatically checked for syntax compatibility against the associated development objects in the ABAP Dictionary.


A BAPI is implemented as a function module that is stored and described in the Function Builder. You should only define a BAPI as a method of an SAP business object type in the BOR, if the function module that the BAPI is based on has been fully implemented.

Access to the BOR is restricted at SAP.
The BOR/BAPI Wizard helps you to create new BAPIs in the BOR. It takes you through the process step by step.

Defining and Implementing the BAPI

Various components of the ABAP Workbench are used when you define and implement a BAPI. These are shown in the graphic below.

BAPIs are defined in the Business Object Repository (BOR) as API methods of SAP business object types. BAPIs are implemented in the Function Builder as RFC-enabled function modules. The definitions and descriptions of the data structures used by the BAPI are stored in the ABAP Dictionary.

BOR, Function Builder and ABAP Dictionary

For function modules that implement BAPIs, certain standards and rules must be adhered to over and above the standard programming rules for function modules.

The following sections guide you through the steps involved in developing a BAPI. The sections contain information about the guidelines and conventions that you should adhere to when defining and implementing a BAPI. When implementing BAPIs follow the requirements below to ensure you achieve consistent behavior and representation of BAPIs as object-oriented methods of SAP business object types or SAP interface types.


ERP advantages and erp project launch

No comments :

Post a Comment