Reporting and Analysis for ERP SAP in Sales Order Process

We have lot of reporting and analysis tools available in ERP SAP and it is widely used in ABAP programming.The Sales Information System belongs to Sales and Distribution. With SIS, you can compress data from sales documents to obtain information which will help you make strategic business decisions. SIS contains standard analysis as well as flexible analysis to help you evaluate statistical data.

SAP provides list functions to create bin sales, delivery, picking, and billing.The Logistics Information Library allows you to integrate standard and flexible analysis as well as your own reports. You can structure and enhance the information library as you require. If the standard reports do not fulfill your requirements, you can use ABAP queries to extract information from the database into a report.

Lists fall into two categories.
Online lists which display, for example, sales, delivery, or billing documents for a customer, a material, or a combination of both.Other online lists display documents with a certain status that requires action from someone.

Worklists which allow you to select certain tasks in sales and distribution for processing. You select the tasks according to your area of responsibility and to various selection criteria.The Sales Information System is based on information structures. These are special statistic tables which contain transactional data from the different applications. This data is constantly collected and updated by the system.

Information structures contain three basic types of information:

Characteristics are criteria which you specify to collect data on a certain subject. In SD, you normally require sales information on sales organizations, sales offices, customers, and materials.A period unit is also a criterion used in information structures. You can collect data for a particular period, for example, for a day, a week, a month, or a posting period.

Key figures are performance measures. They provide important business information specific to a characteristic. Incoming order, sales volume, and returns, for example, are critical in SD.There are several standard information structures for Sales and Distribution available .You can use the standard analyses to evaluate data without having to make additional settings in Customizing.

There are also information structures available in the standard system for internal use: for example,information structures for Credit Management, Rebate Processing, Sales Support, or for processing contracts.

Alternatively, you can create your own information structures in Customizing using the name range S501 to S999.Standard analyses provide extensive functions to create sophisticated presentations and analyses for the data.

The analysis is based on the information structures. In the first step, you select the required data scope according to the characteristics and the period of the info structure. This data is displayed in an initial list. A variety of drill-down features are available in the lists. Each analysis can be saved.

You can call up the standard transactions directly from the current analysis to display, for example,master data or document information.You can use a wide range of tools to analyze the selected data and present the results. These include cumulative frequency curves, ABC analyses, time series, correlation, Top N evaluations, and other tools for comparison.

You can then graphically display this data.In addition, the results of the analyses can be printed,downloaded as a file to your local PC, downloaded into a spreadsheet program,sent to one or more employees using the SAP R/3 Office component.

Flexible analysis in the LIS allow you to determine the way in which data should be combined in an individual report procurement ,You define the form and the contents of the required list via the menu. The relevant program will then be generated in the background. The resulting list provides a variety of possibilities for interactive online processing.

This procedure enables you to combine characteristics and key figures from different information structures in one list ,use your own formulas to calculate new key figures from existing ones ,choose between a variety of layouts.

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