SAP Full Form,Definition and Introdcution Continued

We have started a series of discussions about the roots of the SAP company and trying to understand what is SAP full form,what is its definition and what are the objectives and vision of this new generation company.This post can be treated as a continuation of the previous ones and you can find them at the bottom of the post under related post link.Previously we had discussed up to R/3 up to version 3 and here we are going to continue further.

Besides complete help for the Web layer, within the business engineering instruments, release 3.1 integrated a new course of configuration primarily based on models. This feature allowed for a quicker and more dynamic configuration of the business processes that was oriented to the processes. The system included a quantity of “business” fashions, which could be used immediately by clients, thus decreasing the time wanted for configuring and customizing the system.

With the introduction of the R/3 solutions for supporting business processes by means of the Internet, it was attainable for firms to widen their business by offering a new communication channel between corporations and between customers and companies.With launch 3.1 of SAP R/three, the potential of using three several varieties of Internet and intranet eventualities for supporting digital commerce was standard. The varieties were as follows:

  1. Intranet company functions
  2. Intercompany functions, extending the probabilities of the provision chain management.
  3. Purposes from consumer to firms permits closing prospects with a simple Internet browser to speak with and trigger transactions with an R/3 system

These technical advances have been potential inside the structure enabled by the Enterprise Framework.

Enterprise Framework Structure

The Business Framework is the structure established by SAP for the compartmentalization,that's, it’s an structure that is based mostly on built-in and open products, that are grouped around the R/3 applications. This architecture is completely aligned with SAP strategy to make R/three a household of integrated merchandise that can be put in, managed, and upgraded independently, without affecting different system’s components.

Technologically, Enterprise Framework is supported and based on the arrival of new integration technologies, based on commonplace object-oriented interfaces. The componentization of enterprise purposes software program has the objective of fixing a few of the largest problems of companies concerning the lifecycle of functions, such as the software upkeep, as well as making use of new functionality, versions, and know-how, whose tempo of launch and improvement shouldn't be the same as modifications required in businesses. Figure 1-5 exhibits an instance of what may very nicely be thought-about componentization enabled by the Enterprise Framework architecture. The Business Framework structure has drastically opened the business door to the Internet world and digital commerce through the use of the interface mechanisms.

The next is an inventory of the primary options and advantages supplied by this type of structure:

  1. Fast implementation of latest performance by easily incorporating new application parts, from SAP or from other companions
  2. Permits the enhancement of functionality utilizing customary interface expertise
  3. Software of new technologies without interfering and affecting other parts of the system
  4. Independence of versions between elements
  5. Parts might be modified or upgraded independently
  6. Can integrate SAP and non-SAP purposes
  7. Excessive availability and scalability

Based mostly on object-oriented applied sciences Enterprise Framework structure is based on the following technologies:

Components (or Business Components). Present specific enterprise performance that can be completely integrated with the relaxation of the R/three system utilizing commonplace interfaces. Parts have their own growth and upkeep cycle.

Interfaces : Provided via BAPIs, the SAP communication know-how makes use of interfaces primarily based on BOs, that are used for connecting and speaking different components.

Integration: Supplied by SAP using the ALE technology and also the SAP Business Workflow.With this know-how, the system ensures a complete integration of parts at the enterprise process degree, so it is independent of the system in management of the particular business process.

There are components of the SAP system that make up the logical core of the Enterprise Framework, such because the Reference Mannequin and the BOR (Business Object Repository), which are the parts that guarantee the semantic integration of the enterprise processes.


BAPIs are the entry methods to the BOs (Enterprise Objects) accessible in the SAP techniques and are managed from the BOR within the ABAP Workbench. BAPIs can be utilized as a mechanism to communicate R/3 with external purposes using the Internet. BAPIs are object-oriented definitions of business entities. The idea behind BAPI is the key in the Business Framework structure, as effectively as in the general SAP R/3 Internet and electronic commerce technique, as the object-oriented interface to integrate exterior applications. Primarily based on BOs, similar to firm, vendor, employee, materials, and so forth, a BAPI defines the methods that can be utilized to interact and talk with these objects. Release 3.1 already included greater than a hundred predefined BAPIs able to integrate R/three with third-occasion solutions and applications. The external entry to the information and processes of BOs is carried out utilizing BAPIs.

For example, the BO “Materials” includes a process for checking the availability of materials. This course of, “CheckAvailability,” might be performed by invoking the “Material.CheckAvailability” method of the BAPI. At the moment, BAPIs are carried out utilizing perform modules based on RFC (Remote Perform Call). A few of the benefits of the type of implementation are as follows:

  1. Higher integration between commonplace enterprise purposes
  2. BOs will be accessed utilizing object-oriented expertise, equivalent to COM/DCOM
  3. CORBA compliant
  4. Definition of BAPI interfaces are stable and commit the compatibility with future SAP R/three releases
  5. Might be known as from any growth platform supporting RFC

R/3 Release 4.0

With the introduction of release 4.0 and within the context of the Business Framework, SAP’s technique for enterprise computing was to develop R/3 right into a household of built-in elements that could be upgraded independently. SAP carefully watched the technique depicted for the survival of the enterprise software distributors and put the corresponding actions in place effectively before 1997. The four suggestions indicated had been the following:

Trend to componentization: This is applicable both in products and in gross sales force. This move could be clearly seen with the emergence of R/three release 4.0.

Add consulting content: That is one other step that SAP has added to its general business, though in a extra silent means so as not to provoke the legion of consulting partners. If looking at SAP figures, 1997 and 1998 have seen a percentage development each in revenue and in individuals from providers and consulting.

Develop trade-specific elements or templates: This is no new strategic direction for SAP, although it is true that for years there has been more advertising and marketing than actual products.With launch 4.0, some industries, corresponding to retailers, and the public sector can find additional and particular enterprise processes. Nonetheless, Telecom corporations have been waiting since 1995 for their piece of the cake.

Give consideration to fast implementation: methodologies and solutions. ASAP (AcceleratedSAP) and TeamSAP are excellent examples of SAP response to the continuous criticism on implementation occasions and over-budgeted projects.

In addition to the logical evolution of technological points and the incremental functionality of launch 4.0, there are two options that should be significantly highlighted:

componentization and inclusion of trade solutions. From a strategic and pragmatic standpoint, we should also add to those features an elevated accent on using solution units for speedy implementation, such as ASAP.

Componentization is a practical consequence of possibility enabled by the Business Framework architecture.When SAP introduced release 4.0, it explained that R/three had advanced into a family of distributed business components.Among the many new elements and useful add-ons to the kernel R/3 utility modules are the next:

  1. Introduction of new distributed scenarios. The new distributed situations use ALE and its integration using BAPIs.
  2. Enhancements for the management of world provide chain. These enhancements go from the provider of the supplier to the customer of the shopper and work together with the New Dimension products inside the SCOPE and APO (SAP Superior Planner and Optimizer) initiatives.
  3. Introduction of new specific functionality. The model new particular functionality is for specific business options, starting with retail and the public sector.
  4. New Enterprise Framework structure components. With these new elements, clients can add new enhancement to the system independently of different R/three functionality. For example, there are a whole bunch of new Web eventualities that can be utilized for business processes.
  5. New enterprise components. A few of the new business parts inside New Dimension that had been launched at the time of the discharge of R/three had been: PDM (Product Data Administration), ATP Server (Availableto- Promise), and the Enterprise Info Warehouse, or the system of catalog and buy requisitions using the Internet. These products could possibly be put in separately and have been additionally release-independent.
It was SAP’s objective to include substantial improvement for implementing R/3 faster, making it a enterprise answer that’s easy to use and straightforward to upgrade.With new R/3 Business Engineer parts, the system consists of an advanced mechanism for mannequin-primarily based configuration (business blueprints) and for steady change management.

Technologically, the programming language ABAP/four has advanced towards a very object-oriented language based mostly on the so-referred to as ABAP Objects, which are known as just ABAP since launch 4.0. These new objects allow interoperability with other varieties of external and commonplace object architectures.

There are additionally enhancements in safety and data integrity via using authentication and electronic signature techniques. The extension of the SAP Business Workflow was also prolonged with the addition of new wizards for speedy Workflow scenarios configuration and deployments, as nicely as the likelihood to launch Workflows from the Internet utilizing varieties with HTML formats.

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